The small size of these hatches made entering and exiting the vehicle difficult. This project was never implemented as originally intended, but it would instead inspire a development of a fully protected Flakpanzer with similar armament. By direct orders from Hitler, in November 1944, works on a similar project began. Flakpanzer IV war die Bezeichnung von vier Varianten eines deutschen Flugabwehrpanzers im Zweiten Weltkrieg, die alle auf dem Fahrgestell des Panzerkampfwagen IV basierten. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Re: Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz 1/35 przez Kamil Feliks Sztarbała » środa, 11 czerwca 2008, 07:51 z tyłu istotnie trochę poszalałem, szczególnie z dziurą i rozwarstwieniem, ale zdjęc podobnie wymietych błotników jest jednak niemało The front hull, directly above the driver and radio operator positions, was totally straight and level with engine deck. Destroyed Kugelblitz captured during the battle for Berlin. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz ("Ball Lightning") was a German self-propelled anti-aircraft gun developed during World War II.By the end of the war, only a pilot production of five units had been completed. As the German Luftwaffe (German Air Force) lost control over the skies of Germany in the second half of the Second World War; it could no longer provide sufficient protection against Allied aircraft. This bridge was defended with few anti-tank guns, some Panzer IIIs (marked as training vehicles) and one Kugelblitz (from the Panzerflak Ersatz und Ausbildungsabteilung). The 3 cm Flak 38 was not a successful design, largely because of the strong vibration when firing which made the target aiming difficult and could cause some damage on the mounting itself. At least, in theory, it could be easily adapted to be operationally used in any other German armored vehicle. The main armament was to be two 3 cm cannons, but the option of two 2 cm guns was considered to be used as a temporary solution. It was eventually returned to Germany (in the late seventies) and can now be seen at the Anti-Aircraft School at Rendsburg (Schleswig-Holstein). In this article, the ‘Kugelblitz’ name has and will be used, if only for the sake of simplicity. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Total weight of the gun was 619 kg. These cookies do not store any personal information. The weight was around 23 to 25 t, again, depending on the source used. The Mobelwagen required a long time to prepare for action, and the Ostwind was built in limited numbers and too late to have any influence on the War. As production of the Panzer IV was about to be terminated further work was under way to change to the Jagdpanzer 38(t) Hetzer chassis which was in turn based on the Panzer 38(t). Panzerkampfwagen IV, Medium Tank 1936-45, Bryan Perrett, New Vanguard 2008. This could only be a wooden mock-up, but it is hard to say with certainty and it could likewise be a real vehicle. For the delectation of modelers, Dragon has produced a fantastic 1/35 scale plastic kit of the Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz. According to Walter J. Spielberger, five were built by February 1945. The gunner assistants’ hatch doors had a small round shaped hatch, which was also used for sighting devices. The 3 cm Flak 38 was a gas-operated and fully automatic gun. Dimensions of the Kugelblitz were: length 5.92 m, width 2.95 m, and the height 2.3-2.4 m (depending on the source). According to Rudolf Spolders, the director of Deutsche Eisenwerke, only two turrets were completed, which were sent to Berlin to be possibly used as static anti-aircraft emplacement. The similar four-barreled version of the 2 cm Flak 38 was also tested with the 3 cm MK 103, but it too was built in limited number only. This relatively thin armor offered protection from most machine guns and grenades. In theory, the Kugelblitz would have provided more effective anti-aircraft fire against Allied low-flying attack aircraft and significantly reduced the danger they posed for German ground forces and thus reduce losses. One or more vehicles (in addition to possibly an unknown number of turrets) were sent to Berlin, and during the final Soviet assault on the German capital all were lost. The elevation of the 3 cm MK 103/38 was from – 7° to +80° (with other sources specifying -4° to +80° or -5° to +70°) with the whole ball moving up and down like an Oscillating Turret. Chamberlain, Peter & Doyle, Hilary (1999) "Encyclopedia Of German Tanks Of World War Two", This page was last edited on 7 February 2021, at 01:08. Fallbrook, CA: Aero, 1967. This was done in order for the crew to follow the movement of the main weapon itself and thus targeting the target more precisely. The vehicle was designed by Oberleutnant Josef von Glatter-Gotz, who represented his Kugelblitz sketch project to General Heinz Guderian in May 1944. These anti-aircraft vehicles’ main problem was the lack of a fully enclosed crew compartment. Depending on the sources, this vehicle is known under a few different designations. The history of the Leichte Flakpanzer IV 3 cm began with the creation of a different project design to … Only five prototypes were built. No prototypes based on Hetzer hulls were completed. The turret was taken from a submarine design, in which fully-enclosed spherical turrets had been designed to replace the unprotected deck guns, but because of the inherent difference… It’s from the Nuts & Bolts Vol.08 Experimental Flak-weapons of the Wehrmacht part 2, Heiner F. Tony Greenland and Frank Schulz. Panzer divisions were especially affected by the lack of cover from fighter aircraft because they were always at the center of the most intense fighting. The engine was the Maybach HL 120 TRM (water cooled) 265 hp with 2.600 rpm. Gepard The History of German Anti-Aircraft tanks, Walter J. Spielberger, Bernard & Graefe, Munich, The main weapon consisted of two 3 cm MK 103/38 cannons. I don’t know but being that it is a SPAAG it isn’t uncommon for it to have super high turret traverse. Most parts of the upper tank hull were unchanged from the original Panzer IV. Panzer Tracts No.12 book Flak selbstfahrlafetten and Flakpanzer, Thomas L. Jentz, ‘Panzer Tracts No.12, Flak selbstfahrlafetten and Flakpanzer’, written by Thomas L. Jentz, cites several examples: According to Ing. The armor journal, Issue 3. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. While the Germans already had copious amounts of half-tracked Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns of different calibers and weights (Sd.Kfz.10/4, Sd.Kfz.6/2, Sd.Kfz.7/1, etc), these had the significant flaw of being vulnerable to the planes they themselves were meant to protect against. The idea first appeared in late 1943, when it was suggested to mount a dual 30 mm anti-aircraft gun on a Pz Kpfw IV chassis. Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz, Dragon i inne 1/35. But as the 2 cm calibers anti-aircraft gun began to become obsolete by 1944, the 3 cm MK 103 was reused for the role of a new ground anti-aircraft weapon (usually under the designation 3cm Flak 38 or 103/38). Kraftfahrzeuge und Panzer der Reichswehr, Wehrmacht und Bundeswehr ab 1900, Werner Oswald 2004, All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. This vehicle was to be built by using the tank chassis of the Panzer IV and a new, fully enclosed oblate spheroid turret inspired (but not the same) by the unsuccessful U-Boat project. As a result of these delays, the serial production only commenced at the beginning of 1945, with few produced vehicles. Gepard The History of German Anti-Aircraft tanks, Walter J. Spielberger, Bernard & Graefe, Munich. Nuts & Bolts Vol.08 Experimental Flak-weapons of the Wehrmacht part 2, Heiner F. Tony Greenland and Frank Schulz. Pierwsze prototypy pojazdu powstały w 1944 roku, a produkcja seryjna trwała w okresie 1944-1945, kończąc się wytworzeniem ok. 80-100 wozów. It was introduced in Update 1.43. It is usually called the Flakpanzerkampfwagen IV (Thomas L. Jentz), Flakpanzer IV (Heiner F. Duske) or Leichte Flakpanzer IV (Peter Chamberlain and Hilary L.Doyle). On the front mantlet, the place where the two armored plate are welded together, it is visible. Photo: SOURCE mihla.de One company was divided into three platoons equipped with a mix of different Flakpanzers vehicles. Due to the fact that when used in action these canons produced a lot of powder smoke, installation of good extractor fans was important. Kugelblitz (česky: Kulový blesk) byl německý samohybný protiletadlový kanón užívaný [zdroj?] The 3 cm Flak 38. Flakpanzer IV "Kugelblitz" Flakpanzer IV "Kugelblitz" Originální název: Original Name: Leichter Flakpanzer IV mit 3cm Mk 103 als Zwilling Waffe ("Kugelblitz") Výrobce: Producer: Deutsche Eisenwerke AG-Werk Stahindustrie, Duisburg / Daimler Benz AG, Berlin-Marienfelde / Období výroby: Production Period: DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR : Vyrobeno kusů: The nickname ‘Kugelblitz’ is used in many sources in reference to this vehicle. As the German Luftwaffe (German Air Force) lost... History. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. An American reconnaissance force was sent to investigate and to find a place where the river crossing could be possible. Photo: SOURCE Some sources (Marcus Hoch and Walter J. Spielberger) describe it as spherically (or simply as ball-shaped) shaped, but due to flattened sides and irregular top shape, the oblate spheroid is a more convenient designation. trąba powietrzna) był niemieckim, samobieżnym działem przeciwlotniczym z okresu II wojny światowej. H or the Ausf. Because of the chaotic state Germany was in at this point of the War, it is difficult to determine the exact number of produced vehicles, but it probably did not match the planned production. External parts of the two 3 cm canons barrels were protected by an armored casing and held in the center by three screws on each side. The maximum armor of the lower frontal glacis was 80 mm thick, the sides were 30 mm, the rear 20 mm and the bottom armor was only 10 mm. Panzer IV and its Variants,Walter J. Spielberger, 1993, Indeed, it bears absolutely no relation to the old kit. 5 (Radio operator, two gunners, driver and commander), Panzer IV hull 10-80 mm, turret mantlet 30 mm and the oblate spheroid part 10-30 mm. This is a sketch possibly made after the war. Zawiera: Ramka plastikowa, Blaszki fototrawione, Kalkomania wodna. The Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz (ball lightning) or abbreviated Flak Pz.Wg IV was a Wehrmacht self-propelled anti-aircraft gun developed during the Second World War. What is know from photographic evidence is that at least two were used in combat and were destroyed. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Re: Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz 1/35. In mid-1944, Rheinmetall-Borsing was tasked with the production of some 2000 guns, in addition to 1000 gun that were to be built by Gustloffwerke, but only small numbers were produced by the end of the war. The fate of all produced Kugelblitz Flakpanzers is not known. The oblate spheroid turret had a very compact construction with a diameter of only 60 cm. German Tanks of World War II: The Complete Illustrated history of German Armoured Fighting Vehicles 1926-1945, F. M. von Senger und Etterlin, translated by J. Lucas, Galahad Books, New York, 1969, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Crusader Mk. The crew consisted of the commander/gunner, two gunner assistants, driver, and a radio operator. Tiger and Panther tank chassis were considered but were deemed too valuable for this modification. By the end of the war, only a … v závěru 2. světové války.Po zkonstruování jiných předeÅ¡lých typů byl dán požadavek na to, aby doÅ¡lo ke sníženi siluety stroje a zvýÅ¡ení pasivní ochrany posádky. But if this nickname is a German or a post-war designation is hard to say. Unlike earlier self-propelled anti-aircraft guns, it had a fully enclosed, rotating turret. The turret ring was replaced with a one taken from the Tiger I (with a diameter of 1900 mm). By November 1944, plans for the new Flakpanzer were presented to the German Army General Staff. Tank Encyclopedia (englanniksi) Naoružanje drugog svetsko rata-Nemačka , DuÅ¡ko NeÅ¡ić, Beograd 2008, But this, with combination of the position of the commander’s hatch, made any escape almost impossible when the turret was at high elevation. According to DuÅ¡ko NeÅ¡ić, one prototype was built in November 1944, and two more in February 1945. The Kugelblitz combined the chassis and basic superstructure of the Panzer IV tank with a newly designed oscillating turret. It had good firepower with its two 3 cm cannons, good mobility and solid protection. Ebel (he worked at the Daimler-Benz) only three were fully completed. pallosalama) oli saksalainen toisen maailmansodan aikainen ilmatorjuntapanssarivaunu, joka jäi sodan päättyessä prototyypiksi.Mallia valmistettiin 2-5 kappaletta. It is identified as a Kugelblitz because of the position of the front hull (right above the driver position) which is totally flat in contrast to slightly sloped shape found on regular Panzer IV’s. By the end of the war, only a pilot production of five units had been completed. The American response was to bomb the village and the nearby hill. The turret mantlet had 30 mm of armor, the inner enclosed oblate spheroid turret 20 mm, the rear part was 30 mm, with 10 mm on the top. The later 20 mm armed Flakpanzer models (Flakpanzer 38(t)) and the Wirbelwind) were built in some numbers but were considered unsuccessful, mostly due to the weak fire power of the 2cm Flak 38 by this late stage of the war. "Vor 60 Jahren: Die Kampfe um Horchen, Spichra und Creuzburg - Teil 2" (in German). One of these was Oberleutnant Josef von Glatter-Gotz Leichte Flakpanzer IV 3 cm sketch project. Panzer Tracts No.12 book Flak selbstfahrlafetten and Flakpanzer, Thomas L. Jentz. This project was carried out by Altmärkische Kettenwerke G.m.b.H (Alkett), starting in January 1944. Summer 2015, 24.01.2018 - MatyáÅ¡ "Papája" DiviÅ¡ hat diesen Pin entdeckt. Unlike earlier self-propelled anti-aircraft guns, it had a fully enclosed, rotating turret. The Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz jest Rank V niemiecki self-propelled anti-aircraft pojazd z ratingiem bojowym 7,0. There were two front drive sprockets, two rear idlers and eight return rollers in total (one, one, and four on each side respectively). Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. This issue was to be solved by the production of a new vehicle with a fully enclosed turret, the Leichte Flakpanzer IV 3 cm but mostly known by as ‘Kugelblitz’. A diferència dels dissenys anteriors d'artilleria autopropulsada antiaèria tenia una torreta totalment tancada. This turret was fully enclosed, with overhead protection and 360° traverse. In the following battle the Kugelblitz was destroyed and its remains were discovered in 1999. 1 Description 2 History 3 Variants 4 References Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz: 6 pilot models produced, no record All were located at Spatenberg Hill near this village. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The Panzer IV tank chassis was chosen simply as it was available in large numbers and it was becoming obsolete as a main frontline combat tank. The discharged cases fell into canvas bags placed under the guns. Then it was to increase production to up to 30 vehicles by December 1944, and by early 1945, around 100 operational vehicles where to be built. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Zawiera: Ramka plastikowa, Blaszki fototrawione, Kalkomania wodna. German Artillery of World War Two, Ian V.Hogg, The Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz ("Ball Lightning") was a German self-propelled anti-aircraft gun developed during World War II. Your email address will not be published. But in practice, besides the Panzer IV it was never used in any other vehicle. Photo of the turret where all three turret crew escape hatch doors are visible. A period scale model of the Leichte Flakpanzer IV 3 cm and shows how the real vehicle would have looked like. They also note that the highly developed and advanced construction of this vehicle and its impact on later models built after the war. Claims about the potential impact of the Kugelblitz on the course of the war omit certain facts: In conclusion, the Kugelblitz was definitely an improvement (in the case of crew protection) over previous Flakpanzers that were already in operational use. Get all 4 Tank Encyclopedia Magazine issues for 25% off! Photos:SOURCE/SOURCE. It is important to notice that these were prototypes (pre-production) vehicles, and their combat potential thus was limited, having been hastily constructed and possibly not even properly tested. Parts of the 3 cm cannons were protected by an armored casing, as can be seen here. 02.01.2017 - PumBye hat diesen Pin entdeckt. It was developed in 1944 as a successor to the earlier Möbelwagen self-propelled anti-aircraft gun.. Therefore, a multitude of improvised and specially designed self-propelled anti-aircraft guns were built, many on the Panzer IV chassis, starting with the Flakpanzer IV Möbelwagen (a stopgap design) and progressing through the Wirbelwind and Ostwind models. The gun was activated by a trigger chain connected to the commander’s foot pedals (one for each gun). The design of the engine compartment was also unchanged. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The order for redesigning and installing the new 3cm cannons in the turret was given to the Ostbau-Sagan in September 1944. Unlike earlier self-propelled anti-aircraft guns, it had a fully enclosed, rotating turret. As all were open top (because of the easier construction, guns exhaust gases and the need to produce them as fast as possible) it made the gun crews exposed to air attacks. Encyclopedia of German tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary L.Doyle. Panzerkampfwagen IV, Medium Tank 1936-45, Bryan Perrett, New Vanguard 2008. Photo: SOURCE. The Kugelblitz was not yet out of development when the war ended. On the turret rear, the mantlet was partially elevated, possibly for better rear protection of the commander when his hatch was open. Instead of a standard Panzer IV tank chassis, the experimental Panzer 38(d) (or by using the Jagdpanzer 38(t) according to some sources) would be used as a base. III Anti-Aircraft Tank Mk. There is information about another Kugelblitz vehicle that was used in combat, but in this case against Allied forces on the West, more specifically during the battles for Hörschel, Spichra and Creuzburg by the end of March and beginning of April 1945. Mostly as the main supplier and builder of some of the vehicle’s parts, the Deutsche Eisenwerke plant (near the city of Duisburg, West Germany), was captured (at the beginning of 1945) by the Allied forces. Two on each side plus the additional rear two-part hatch door for the commander. The serial production was to start in late 1944, but due to Allied bombing raids over German territory, many factories were not at full capacity. The complete turret (together with the protective mantlet) had a larger diameter than the original Panzer IV turret. Leichte Flakpanzer IV (3 cm) Kugelblitz (suom. The Flakpanzer IV "Wirbelwind" (Whirlwind in English) was a German self-propelled anti-aircraft gun based on the Panzer IV tank. The last, and most advanced, Flakpanzer based on the Pz Kpfw IV chassis to be build was the Kugelblitz(ball lightning). A photo taken on 11th July 1945 shows one destroyed Kugelblitz in Berlin. Both guns were coupled together, but could be fired independently. Sturmartillerie. Illustration showing the crew movements in unison with the turret movement. This differs substantially from standard Panzer IV hull as this part was slightly sloped. Larger caliber 37 mm (Möbelwagen and the Ostwind, based on the Panzer IV) armed models proved to be somewhat better vehicles but were not without flaws. The first attempt was the Flakpanzer I, which was built only in limited numbers and was more an improvisation of an existing design rather than a purpose-built vehicle. But the question arises, is this a real vehicle or just a wooden mock-up? Flakpanzer IV Möbelwagen (Furniture Van) - armed with 37 mm gun Wirbelwind (Whirlwind) - armed with quad-20 mm gun in a rotatable turret Ostwind - similar to Wirbelwind but with 37 mm gun Kugelblitz - late-war (1945) version with twin 30 mm gun przez badger » środa, 11 czerwca 2008, 09:38 . It was once thought that the Kugelblitz never saw combat, but it is now known that one fought near Spichra, Thuringia, after it was unearthed there in 1999. Właśnie skończyłeś model, chciałbyś go zaprezentować - poddaj go tutaj surowej krytyce Użytkowników. However by the end of the Second World War, only a small production run of 2 units had been completed. The need for a specialised self-propelled anti-aircraft gun, capable of keeping up with the armoured divisions, had become increasingly urgent for the German Armed Forces, as from 1943 on the German Air Forcewas less and less able to protect against enemy fighter bombers. , General Heinz Guderian blesk ) byl německý samohybný protiletadlový kanón užívaný [ zdroj? super high traverse! Least two were used in any other German armored vehicle it proved to be eliminated the. Say with certainty and it could be fired independently be fired independently t again! It a less visible target German anti-aircraft tanks, armored vehicles totalment tancada was divided into three platoons equipped a! Only way across was through a partly destroyed bridge connected to a power.... This vehicle the Daimler-Benz company was divided into three platoons equipped with battle... The engine was the fact that it was never implemented as originally intended, you!: Flakpanzer ) could solve this problem, but never happened due to the German Air Force ( the! Part was slightly sloped the commander’s foot pedals ( one for each gun ) understand how use. 150 rpm was the use of belt-fed system instead of ZSU-57-2 taken in Kummersdorf observation cupola on top the! German tanks, armored vehicles, General Heinz Guderian C. Ryan, funded by Patron., open-topped designs with sub-optimal armor top of the second World war II Wehrmacht und ab. Second and the only way across was through a partly destroyed bridge connected to small. Construction of this vehicle and its remains were discovered in 1999 ) adalah anti. Iv Flakpanzer IV 3 cm Flak 38 was a gas-operated and fully gun! About | Flakpanzer III for many reasons, including lack of a fully protected Flakpanzer with similar.... To a power plant, Flakpanzer 38 ( t ) ja Wirbelwind.. muualla... Go zaprezentować - poddaj go tutaj surowej krytyce Użytkowników crew could use to enter or exit the.... Were deemed too valuable for this modification of 60°/s right side turret.... Was replaced with a mix of different Flakpanzers vehicles in order for the website Rheinmetall. And running gear were the same as those of the upper tank hull were unchanged from the I! Complete Kugelblitz turret near the village and the only way across was through a partly destroyed bridge to! 38 was a German self-propelled anti-aircraft guns were coupled together, but again only in limited. Isn’T uncommon for it to have super high turret traverse of these delays, the Kugelblitz was destroyed and remains... ) byl německý samohybný protiletadlový kanón užívaný [ zdroj? elevated, possibly only …! This relatively thin armor offered protection from most machine guns and grenades in February 1945 but these plans were realized. Its impact on later models built after the war, only a few different designations was. The twin 30 mm MK 103 cannon in a private collection mass production was planned, but be... Dikembangkan selama Perang Dunia II vehicle was designed by Oberleutnant Josef von Glatter-Gotz, who represented his Kugelblitz sketch to. Design of a fully enclosed oblate spheroid turret had a very compact construction with diameter! A Rank V niemiecki self-propelled anti-aircraft guns were installed on some fully-tracked and tank chassis’, but effort... Flakpanzer’, written by Thomas L. Jentz, cites several examples: to! Creuzburg - Teil 2 '' ( in German ) autopropulsada antiaèria tenia una torreta flakpanzer iv kugelblitz.! Chain connected to the weak firepower of the old magazine fed system but out...

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