No documentation exists for Buxtehude's birth, though he said late in life that he was a native Dane. These performances, instituted by Buxtehude in 1673, became the pride of Lübeck, and their tradition was continued into the 19th century. Dietrich Buxtehude was a Danish composer who was later naturalized German. Dietrich Buxtehude (or Dieterich according to Danish spelling) (born about 1637; died May 9, 1707) was a German (or Danish) composer and organist. He/She went to Halsingborg (Sweden) with his father, organist, in 1639. Two of the most famous Abendmusik concerts, held on December 2 and 3, 1705, and commemorating the death of Emperor Leopold I and the ascension of Joseph I, were probably attended by Bach on his pilgrimage. Genres: Baroque Music, Chamber Music, Choral. Biography, musicologyand essential works. Buxtehude is generally considered the greatest organist between Scheidt and Bach and is regarded as the originator of the German organ toccata. Both young men hoped to succeed the master at Lübeck, but marriage to one of his daughters was a condition and each found it unacceptable. Artist Biography by Andrew Lindemann Malone Dietrich Buxtehude is probably most familiar to modern classical music audiences as the man who inspired the young Johann Sebastian Bach to make a lengthy pilgrimage to Lubeck, Buxtehude 's place of employment and residence for most of his life, just to hear Buxtehude play the organ. ], Denmark Death: May 9, 1707 in Lubeck, Germany Dietrich Buxtehude is probably most familiar to modern classical music audiences as the man who inspired the young Johann Sebastian Bach to make a lengthy pilgrimage to Lubeck, Buxtehude's place of employment and residence for most of his life, just to hear Buxtehude play the organ. He helped develop the form of the church cantata, later perfected by Bach, and he was just as famous a virtuoso on the organ. Buxtehude had become the church's organist in 1668, and within five years had revamped the winter Sunday 'Evening Music' concerts instigated by his predecessor. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Dietrich Buxtehude. Dieterich Buxtehude (Dietrich, Diderich) (c. 1637 – May 9, 1707) was a German-Danish organist and a highly regarded composer of the Baroque period.His organ works comprise a central part of the standard organ repertoire and are frequently performed at recitals and church services. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Dieterich Buxtehude (Dietrich, Diderich) (c. 1637 – 9 May 1707) was a German-Danish organist, lutenist and a highly regarded composer of the Baroque period. All are imbued with a devout simplicity that contrasts strongly with the elaborations of their Bachian successors. He is best known for his organ works which are … Buxtehude had an opportunity for early retirement in 1703, when Georg Friederic Handel and Johann Matheson (famous organists both) visited him; Matheson had been thinking of succeeding Buxtehude at his post, but balked at the requirement to marry Buxtehude's daughter Anna Margareta, and the visit came to nought. Dietrich Buxtehude was born in either Holstein or Sweden (both were Danish territories at the time), the son of an organist. Dieterich Buxtehude (Dietrich, Diderich) (c. 1637–9 May 1707) was a German-Danish organist and a highly regarded composer of the Baroque period. The preludes are usually brief, and, with one exception, they are unlike Bach’s in having no thematic connection with the fugues that follow them. His vocal works shared the devotion and intellectual rigor of his instrumental work, and were also much admired. Dietrich Buxtehude (Composer) - Short Biography. His organ works comprise a central part of the standard organ repertoire and are frequently performed at recitals and church services. Country: Germany Birth: ca. Dietrich Buxtehude was born in either Holstein or Sweden (both were Danish territories at the time), the son of an organist. Dietrich Buxtehude, Dietrich also spelled Dieterich, (born 1637, probably in Oldesloe, Holstein—died May 9, 1707, Lübeck), Danish or German organist and composer of church music, one of the most esteemed and influential composers of his time. In 1542 the town council of Buxtehude adopted Lutheranism within its domain. Buxtehude is best known for his organ music whose historical standing makes him one of the most important composers before Bach. Omissions? Buxtehude is best known for his organ music whose historical standing makes him one of the most important composers before Bach. 1637-1707) - Play streams in full or download MP3 from Classical Archives (classicalarchives.com), the largest and best organized classical music site on the web. Corrections? He also married the outgoing organist's youngest daughter, Anna Margarethe Tunder, which may have been a condition of taking the post, and certainly was a condition when Buxtehude sought a replacement for himself. Buxtehude [or Boxdehude, or Buchstehude], Dietrich [or Diderich]. He was the most important composer of organ music before J.S. Their texts are rarely liturgical; the Bible, the hymnbook, and sacred verse of the time are their main sources. Just click the "Edit page" button at the bottom of the page or learn more in the Biography submission guide. Dietrich Buxtehude, Music Department: Mur murs. List of choral works Well-known and respected during his lifetime, he was what might be called, today, a composer's composer. Toll Free: 844.350.7189; Tel: 661.250.7189; Fax: 661.250.7195; 26362 Ruether Ave; Santa Clarita, CA 91350-2990 USA; Theodore Front Musical Literature Inc. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 3 - 6 sonatas without opus numbers (John Holloway; Ursula Weiss; Jaap ter Linden; Mogens Rasmussen; … View the Wikipedia article on Dietrich Buxtehude.. Born: c. 1637 (an obituary give his age as "about 70") Died: 9 May 1707 Biography. By bringing the start time forward - no doubt to catch the attention of music-loving regular churchgoers - Buxtehude built up a loyal local audience, and word spread beyond Lübeck. Buxtehude [or Boxdehude, or Buchstehude], Dietrich [or Diderich] Oldeslohe, Holstein 1637 - Lubecca 1707 . Most of the harpsichord music has been lost. His organ works comprise a central part of the standard organ repertoire and are frequently performed at recitals and church services. Though we do not have copies of much of the work that most impressed his contemporaries, Buxtehude nonetheless left behind a body of vocal and instrumental music which is distinguished by its contrapuntal skill, devotional atmosphere, and raw intensity. Beside biography of Dietrich Buxtehude, we also provide a lot of biographies of other famous people. Buxtehude’s duties as church organist included composing works for public festivals and for the marriages and funerals of the great merchant families of the city. Updates? Dietrich Buxtehude is probably most familiar to modern classical music audiences as the man who inspired the young Johann Sebastian Bach to make a lengthy pilgrimage to Lubeck, Buxtehude's place of employment and residence for most of his life, just to hear Buxtehude play the organ. He was so well liked that he later played in Helsingor. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Buxtehude was organist at the Marienkirche for the rest of his life. Read Full Biography. He was most famous, however, for his Abendmusik concerts, held following the afternoon service on five Sundays a year and on special occasions. Biography by Andrew Lindemann Malone. In the early part of his career, Buxtehude often traveled, performing at St. Mary’s and St. Olai’s, where his father still performed often. Buxtehude decided to stop following in his father's footsteps when the prestigious position of organist at the Marienkirche in Lubeck became available; after several others were rejected, Buxtehude got the job on April 11, 1668. Buxtehude is best known for his organ music whose historical standing makes him one of the most important composers before Bach. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. • Prelude, Fugue, and Chaconne BuxWV 137, hypermedia by Jeff Hall and Tim Smith at the BinAural Collaborative Hypertext; Shockwave Player required. Biography of Dietrich Buxtehude (1637-1707) German composer, born about 1637. Dietrich Buxtehude. Dietrich Buxtehude discography and songs: Music profile for Dietrich Buxtehude, born 1637. His official duties were to provide congregational chorales and other musical interludes for every service, and to act as treasurer, secretary, and business manager of the church. Dieterich Buxtehude was a prominent composer and organist of the Baroque period. There he gained such fame as a composer that the city became a mecca for musicians of northern Germany. Dieterich Buxtehudehad his first professional organist debut when he was 20 years old. Buxtehude belongs to the generation of organists before Johann Sebastian Bach, who, like Handel, once travelled to Lübeck to hear the master perform at the Marienkirche, where he served as organist for forty years, from 1667 until his death in 1707. There he/she was appointed, in 1657, organist of the Marienkirche. Although his early years remain a mystery, he went on to make a mark with his music as an unparalleled composer of his time. Buxtehude settled at Lübeck in 1688 as organist of St. Mary’s Church. Dietrich Buxtehude (composer ca. 1637 in Helsingborg [? Bach’s Passacaglia in C Minor is indebted. The family was of German extraction, and branches were located in various parts of Scandinavia, which had close cultural ties with Germany at the time. After Buxtehude died on May 9, 1707, the church found another organist willing to marry his daughter. Although these concerts are universally described as extraordinary, and were the basis of most of Buxtehude's contemporary fame, very little music from them has survived. Soon after his performance at Helsingor, he was hired as an organist in the town, working for St. Mary’s church. Since his father, Johannes, was organist and schoolmaster at Oldesloe, Denmark, until 1638, it is a reasonable guess that Dietrich was born there. Bei seinem Vornamen ist auch die Form Dietrich geläufig. There, he showed off his skills. His most important and influential works are considered to be those for organ, which include toccatas, preludes, fugues, chaconnes, pieces based on chorales, and a passacaglia to which J.S. 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